Microsoft MTA 98-349 Windows Operating System Fundamentals

By Kris Jobson

Created Wed, Apr 02, 2014 12:48 PM

Updated Sat, Apr 05, 2014 10:32 AM

  • Why be an MTA? (Microsoft Technology Associate)

  • YouTube:

    Why MTA?

  • So how do I proceed with this course?

    This course requires you to have either an electronic or physical copy of the MTA 98-349 Windows Operating System Fundamentals Student Courseware book. Once you have this then follow the guide below:

    1. Classroom - Lesson will be conducted by your instructor. Self Paced Learning - Read through the corresponding Chapter to Lesson in the Courseware Book (i.e. Chapter 1 = Lesson 1)
    2. Review the presentation on this bundle
    3. Then take the end of chapter test.
    4. If you complete the test with a score above 80% then it will open the next lesson.

    With regards to the test you can have a maximum of 10 attempts. you must score 80% or above to move on.

  • Lesson 1

    Introducing, Installing, and Upgrading Windows 7

    Learning Objectives

    Students will learn to:

    • Identify System Requirements
    • Identify Upgrade Paths from Windows XP, Windows Vista, and Other Operating Systems
    • Use Windows 7 Upgrade Advisor
    • Identify Application Compatibility
    • Understand Product Identification Keys
    • Understand Removable Media Installations (DVD, ZTI, LTI,and USB)
    • Understand Cloud and Network Installations

    ODN Skills

    • Identifying system requirements.                                                                                         2.1.1
    • Identifying upgrade paths from Windows XP, Windows Vista,and other operating systems.       2.2.1
    • Using Windows 7 Upgrade Advisor.                                                                                      2.1.2
    • Identifying application compatibility.                                                                                     2.2.2
    • Understanding product identification keys.                                                                            2.3.3
    • Understanding removable media installations (DVD, ZTI, LTI,and USB).                                   2.3.1
    • Understanding cloud and network installations.                                                                     2.3.2
  • Begin this lesson by introducing yourself and the course.

    Lesson 1 focuses on Windows 7 operating system (OS) editions and types of installation. Therefore, start by explaining the differences between Windows 7 editions: Starter, Home Basic, Home Premium, Professional, Ultimate, and Enterprise. Be sure to mention that Windows 7 Home Premium, Professional, and Ultimate are widely available in the retail sector. The other editions are designed for certain types of computers or markets, or specifically for enterprise use.

    Be sure to introduce the concept of a “domain” when discussing Windows 7 Professional. A domain is a collection of user and computer accounts that are grouped together to enable centralized management and to apply security. Very small Windows environments might use workgroups rather than domains. Students will learn about workgroups, domains, and other networking topics in Lesson 4.

    You can then describe the differences between 32- and 64-bit computing. The terms 32-bit and 64-bit refer to the way a computer's central processing unit (CPU) processes data. One of the significant differences is that a 64-bit computer can use much more random access memory (RAM) than a 32-bit computer. Operating systems also come in 32-bit and 64-bit versions, and it’s important to match the correct operating system to the computer processor. If you run a mix of 32-bit and 64-bit systems in an enterprise environment, you will need both types of drivers for networked printers, scanners, projectors, and other shared devices. You will also need to maintain multiple images—at least one image for the 32-bit computers and one for the 64-bit computers.

    The next part of the lesson describes Windows 7 system requirements. Software manufacturers, including Microsoft, list the system requirements needed to run their products. The specifications are usually minimum requirements; recommended requirements—which allow for much better performance of the OS and applications—are often much higher or involve more recent technology. Mention the minimum amount of random access memory (RAM), processor speed, and hard disk space a computer must have in order to run Windows 7 on 32-bit and 64-bit processors.

    After they understand system requirements, begin a discussion of upgrade paths. An upgrade path is the set of options you have to upgrade from one Windows operating system to another. An upgrade installation replaces your current version of Windows with Windows 7 while retaining your files, settings, and programs. This type of installation is sometimes called an “in-place” installation. A custom installation replaces your current version of Windows with Windows 7 but overwrites your files, settings, and programs. This is also referred to as a “clean” installation.

    When upgrading to Windows 7 from Windows Vista, for example, you have two primary choices: a standard upgrade or a custom installation. The main point to remember is that you can perform an upgrade installation if you're installing an equivalent or higher edition of Windows 7. Otherwise, you must perform a custom installation. Refer back to Table 1-2 in Lesson 1 to review which editions of Windows Vista map to which editions of Windows 7.

    Windows XP users must perform a custom installation when “upgrading” to Windows 7. Because your files, programs, and settings will be overwritten, back up all of your data files first.

    Explain that you can upgrade from one Windows 7 edition to an advanced edition fairly easily. Going from an old edition of Windows, such as Windows 95 or Windows 2000, to Windows 7 requires the purchase of a full version of Windows 7 and a custom installation.

    Now that the students understand upgrade paths, explain the purpose of Windows 7 Upgrade Advisor. This utility helps you determine if your computer can run Windows 7, which editions and features will work, and whether your computer has any compatibility issues. The utility may be downloaded for free from the Microsoft Web site. Refer to the Upgrade Advisor slide in the PowerPoint deck or provide a different example of a report to show some of the upgrade issues that may need to be addressed before an upgrade to Windows 7.

    The next part of the lecture addresses application compatibility. Operating system upgrades can result in one or more programs not working properly or not working at all. To identify issues and resolve them, use the resources available at the Windows 7 Compatibility Center online as well as the Windows 7 Application Compatibility List for IT Professionals.

    Moving on, explain the purpose of product identification keys. Often called a product key or CD key, this is a unique, alphanumeric code required by many software programs during installation. The purpose of a product key is to help avoid illegal product installations. The product key you enter during Windows 7 installation is checked by Microsoft for legitimacy and whether it is already being used on a different computer.

    Next, explain activation. After installing Windows 7, Microsoft uses activation to prevent the use of counterfeit copies or otherwise illegal use of its software products, including Windows 7. You must activate Windows 7 within 30 days of installation. Registration is different than activation. Although you must activate an installation of Windows 7, registration is optional. During registration, you give your contact information to Microsoft to sign up for technical support and other benefits.

    An important part of this lesson focuses on types of Windows 7 installations. They are categorized according to the level of interaction required during an installation:

    • High Touch Installation (HTI)
    • Lite Touch Installation (LTI)
    • Zero Touch Installation (ZTI)

    High Touch Installation (HTI) may include retail media or a standard image (ISO file). Using this method, you use an installation DVD or USB drive and manually install the operating system on every computer. You must then also manually configure each system.

    Lite Touch Installation (LTI) requires some human intervention in the early phase of the installation but is automated (or unattended) from that point on. This installation method works well in environments with more than 150 computers. You need the Windows AIK, Windows Deployment Services, and the Microsoft Deployment Toolkit 2010 for LTIs.

    Zero Touch Installation (ZTI) is a fully automated, “touchless” method of installing Windows. You need System Center Configuration Manager (SCCM) for ZTIs. You use SCCM to deploy and update servers, client computers, and all kinds of devices on a network.

    Be sure to give an example of a cloud installation to help differentiate this installation method from an ordinary network installation.

    Finally, mention that Windows Easy Transfer helps you move files and settings from one computer running Windows to another. The “move” can occur on the same computer if you’re upgrading to a different version of Windows that requires a custom installation. Windows Easy Transfer saves files and settings on an external hard drive, and then “transfers” them to the new installation of Windows 7. You cannot transfer your programs, so make sure you have the original installation media so you can manually install them in Windows 7.

  • Schoolwork Quiz - MTA 98-349 Lesson 1: Introducing, Installing, and Upgrading Windows 7

    Description: In order to move onto the next Lesson in the course, you need to take this quiz and achieve above 80% correct answers.

    Questions: 17

    Created On: April 02, 2014

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The Objective for each section will be stated at the start of module.


This bundle is a self paced learning bundle to support student training ready for taking the MTA 98-349 Windows Operating System Fundamentals Exam.

Common Core

There are currently no common core standards defined.